The flora and fauna of the park

Detailed research on flora has not been carried out in the last few decades in the Rambynas Regional Park. According to previous studies conducted in the former Rambynas Landscape Reserve, 647 native plant species were registered. As the area of ​​the regional park is much larger than the former reserve and includes some anthropogenic habitats, there should be about 700 native plant species in the area of ​​the the Rambynas Regional Park in total. In addition, survey and other episodic researches have identified about 150 alien plant species in the regional park, 14 of which are considered invasive. The regional park has a particularly large variety of meadows of varying humidity. They are home to the largest diversity of protected species. Most of the protected plant species typical of meadows are found in the meadows in the bend of Ragainė, and the northern shore of Lake Merguva stands out with the largest concentration of protected plant species. The great diversity of species in meadows is due to the fact that they are distinguished by a great variety of ecological conditions. In the territory of the regional park, species not found elsewhere in Lithuania are found, as well as species with the largest and most viable populations.

In forests, the diversity of plant species is much lower than in the meadows of the regional park. The diversity of forest plants has been significantly affected by the relatively intensive economic use of forests and the large number of alien trees and shrubs in them, which clearly have a negative impact on native species. The habitats of the wetlands in the park are very small, but they are home to specific species typical of intermediate wetlands.

The diversity of fungi was studied in detail in 1975–1978, 581 species of fungi were registered.

Extensive fauna diversity studies have not been carried out in the Rambynas Regional Park. Animals in some taxonomic groups have been studied more, and data for some groups of animals are almost non-existent. Of the invertebrates, nocturnal butterflies were the most extensively studied. During the research in 2011, 257 species of moths were identified, of which 59 species are rare in Lithuania. There are 4 species of reptiles in the park: agile lizards (Lacerta agilis), viviparous lizards (Lacerta vivipara),slowworm (Anguis fragilis), grass snakes (Natrix natrix).  In addition to conventional amphibians lika moor frog (Rana arvalis) common grass frog (Rana temporaria), gray buzzard (Bufo bufo), etc. there was a protected species of fire-bellied toad (Bombina bombina) registered in three places.

The diversity of birds living in or temporarily visiting the Rambynas Regional Park is perhaps the most thoroughly studied. 24 species of protected birds are found in the territory of the regional park. Out of these, 12 species are included in the Lithuanian list of protected animals, plants and fungi, and another 12 species are protected under international agreements.

Of the mammals, the bats the best studied in the Rambynas Regional Park. A total of 9 species of bats were found in this area. In the forests, especially in the Šereitlaukis forest, which is the largest massif, large mammals are found: boars (Sus scrofa), deer (Capreolus capreolus), red deer (Cerv uselaphus), elk (Alces alces). Predatory mammals such as brown foxes (Vulpes vulpes) and wood martens (Martes martes) are founf as well. Forests are inhabited by invasive predatory mammals - mangroves (Nyctereutes proyonoides). Small mammals are dominated by brown vole (Clethrionomys glareolus), common vole (Microtus arvalis), and marsh vole (Microtus oeconomus). In the regional park, in the Šereitlaukis forest, there is a rather large population of the protected species - the fat dormouse (Glis glis). The condition and abundance of fat dormouse are constantly monitored and nests are built for them.

9 mammal species living in the park are included in the lists of protected species.

Last updated: 26-06-2020