Forests of Rambynas Regional Park

The diversity of forests is determined not only by human activities, but also by climate, terrain and soils. The forests of Rambynas were first mentioned in written sources in 1385 in the Teutonic Order's "Descriptions of Lithuanian Roads", at that time the forests were much larger. Over the centuries, forests have declined due to human activity. It was in 1918 that Baron von Dresler, the landowner of these places, sold the Šereiklaukis forest for felling, because it was necessary to give the dowry when his daughter married. After that, part of the forest was replanted, part of it re-grew. There are four forests in the territory of the park: Šereiklaukis (about 1500 ha), Vilkyškiai (about 200 ha), Rambynas (about 150 ha) and Bardėnai (100 ha). They belong to the Rambynas forest district of Šilutė forest enterprise. These forests are dominated by coniferous stands: pine forests make up 47%, spruce stands - 20%, the area of ​​all stands. Of the soft stands, birch groves cover the largest area 15%, and oak groves cover 9% of the forest area. Forests are dominated by middle-aged stands, accounting for 39% of the total stand area, young stands account for 26%, maturing stands - 12%, mature stands - 23%. The area of ​​stands that have reached natural maturity is over 44 ha. 3800 m³ of timber is felled by the main fellings per yea, the annual volume of all fellings is 5410 m³ of timber. Within five years, 66 ha of forest will be replanted and 34 ha will be left for replanting. Šereiklaukis forest is the most interesting and biologically diverse. The Šereiklaukis forest grows on the northern part of the Vilkyškiai ridge. The very rugged terrain and the great variety of soils determine the growth of very different forests. Apparently nowhere else will we find where in such a small forest area (about 1500 ha) even eight forest habitats of European importance (NATURA 2000) would be distinguished out of the thirteen found in Lithuania, which are protected throughout Europe because they are rapidly disappearing due to human activities. In the places of the small lakes in this forest, small high marshes with cranberries ripening berries have formed over time. Very close to them you can see lichen, where nothing wants to grow except for pines and lichens, because there is a lack of moisture and the soil is very infertile. Here you can see a spruce-tree grove, where even during the daytime it is dark from its density. And after climbing the hill, you will see an oak grove that is almost a hundred years old, apparently still planted by East Prussian foresters. A relic of boreal forests - the Boros schneideri - has survived and lives in the Šereiklaukis forest. The fat dormouse has recently been found and has been observed for several years. One of the most beautiful Lithuanian butterflies lives in the meadows in the forest - the mahaon and the great apollo. Of the ten bat species listed in the Lithuanian Red Data Book, as many as seven are found in this forest. You will easily find sandstone carnations in the pine forests, you will see spotted boletus in the oak grove when the mushrooms start to grow in autumn, and red tops - albinos grow in one of the young stands of this forest. There is a forest growing here in the Rambynas Regional Park, which is particularly important for biodiversity conservation, which should be seen by future generations.

 

Last updated: 26-06-2020